Knowing, Understanding, Doing OBE:
HS Faculty learns OBE from Doc Allan By: Ms. Gello Marie V. de Jesus
Posted: Tuesday, June 26, 2012
'Di nalalayo sa 'yo ang tunay na mundo
Marami sa ami'y nabubuhay nang tulad mo
'Di makita, 'di madinig, minsa'y nauutal
Patungo sa hinahangad na buhay na banal
From ‘Bulag, Pipi at Bingi’
Who would have thought that in an instant, a decade of following a 10-year basic education system will suddenly be modified into what educational experts deem more up-to-date and more globally oriented system of education? Indeed, the country is presently transitioning to a new system of education famously known as the K+12. This paradigm shift is part of PNoy’s attempts to bridge the gap between readiness, maturity and employment in the country.
Many were shocked but these lines from the song ‘Bulag, Pipi at Bingi’ were the responses made by Prof. Allan B. de Guzman, Ph. D. to the skepticisms that this new curriculum faces. Doc Allan’s seminar- writeshop on Standards- Based Instructional Planning to the High School faculty of St. Scholastica’s College, Manila last May 29, 2012 paved the way for a much better understanding of the new curriculum, the reasons for its implementation, and most importantly, the way that it would work well: by acquiring the Outcomes- Based Education (OBE).
‘An ordinary teacher but capable of doing things in an extraordinary way’ Meet the Teacher
Doc Allan, as his students fondly call him, finished his tertiary education, Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education at the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas, Magna Cum Laude in 1993. In the same institution, he received his Masters in Education degree, Summa Cum Laude, in 1996. In 1999, he obtained his Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Management degree. Also, he achieved a Post- Doctoral Training Certificate in Study Planning and Curriculum Development from the State of Israel in 2001.
Doc Allan is a well-known individual whose research endeavors crossed beyond boundaries as he held positions and got published in various local and international organizations and publications. Currently, he is the Editor-in- Chief of the Asian Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research. He is also the only Asian member in the editorial board of the Educational Gerontology Journal, an ISI journal in USA. He has a total of 94 international publications published in leading journals in the United Kingdom, United States, Korea, the Netherlands, Germany, Turkey, Singapore, and Hongkong.
Completing a lengthy yet amazing profile, Doc A is currently part of University of Santo Tomas’ College of Education, College of Nursing, the Graduate School, and the Faculty of Sacred Theology as a Full Professor II. And above all, he is the recipient of the 2011 Metrobank Foundation Outstanding Teacher in Higher Education Category.
What? Why? How? An Overview of K- 12 Curriculum
A brief background on what K+12 is served as the starting point of Doc Allan’s seminar- writeshop.
The K+12 mandates the students to start in kindergarten and finish the 12- year basic education program. Full implementation of K+12 will happen and start this very school year 2012- 2013 as the incoming Grade 1 students will be the first to experience the said curriculum while those entering 1st year high school, which will soon be known as Grade 7, will pioneer the junior high school.
It is sad to note that the Philippines is the only one in Asia and one of the four countries in the world, together with Bhutan, Nepal, and Upper Mongolia, that has a 10- year basic education, thus, achieving the goal to be at par with international educational standards the Philippines needs to shift to K+12. Furthermore, after finishing the K+12 program graduates will be able to obtain jobs inside the country and abroad. The low ratings in national tests and low ranking scores in international examinations were part of the reasons for the adoption of K+12.
With all these things said about K+12, the main debate on why it should be implemented is over and done with; what is more important is how this program could implemented.
‘Product defining the Process’ IBE to OBE
Doc Allan introduced to the HS faculty a new trend in the reformed educational system: the Outcomes- Based Education (OBE) model. OBE emphasizes ‘outcomes’ instead of ‘inputs’. This is a step away from the traditional instruction where students are spoon-fed by the teacher, otherwise known as the Input- Based Education (IBE). In a fast changing world, OBE is just fit enough to maximize the resources available to every student anywhere; everywhere. OBE is a student-centered learning method which highlights the students’ ability to create and produce a product out of their learning. Students are then assessed following the Standards- Based assessment which determines if they have complied with the stated standards for a specific product.
After giving an in-depth discussion on OBE, the faculty went through a write-shop to show understanding of its content and how it is done on paper. To even promote appreciation of its dynamics and how it can be applied inside the classroom, the facilitator engaged the faculty with various song and dance numbers, with the participation of equally talented faculty members.
As what Doc Allan emphasized, the most difficult job in molding the students’ future is actually in the hands of the High School teachers as they need to continue what these students have started in grade school, as they need to prepare them for college, and as they teach them to cope with the realities of the world of work. All these being said, training them to further enhance, utilize and demonstrate their learning through OBE will truly lead them not just to be efficient individuals but most importantly, as effective members of society.